Udayavni Special

74th Independence Day 2020: The story of our National Flag


Team Udayavani, Aug 14, 2020, 4:09 PM IST

India will celebrate its 74th Independence Day on 15th of August, 2020. Although this year due to the pandemic the celebrations on Independence day  will be limited but like every year Prime Minister will unfurl the ‘tiranga’ or the tricolour on the Red Fort. The Indian flag is a symbol of the country’s sovereign state, its history and culture.But little is known of its history and the person behind the design of the flag.

Indian National Flag was designed by Pingali Venkayya who was a freedom fighter and an agriculturalist from Andhra Pradesh

He was born on 2 August, 1878 at Bhatlapenumarru, near Machilipatnam in Andhra Pradesh. Venkayya graduated from Cambridge and had great interests in geology, agriculture, education and languages.

According to Britannica, in 1921  Pingali Venkayya presented a flag design to Gandhi. The flag consisted of the colours associated with the two principal religions, red for the Hindus and green for the Muslims. Lala Hans Raj Sondhi suggested the addition of the traditional spinning wheel. Gandhi modified the flag by adding a white stripe in the centre for the other religious communities in India and also providing a clearly visible background for the spinning wheel.

Later, deep saffron was approved instead of red and new attributions were associated with the colours. Saffron stood for courage and sacrifice, white for peace and truth, and green for faith and chivalry.

On July 22, 1947, the Indian national flag was officially hoisted. The spinning wheel was replaced by a blue chakra the Dharma Chakra or the wheel of law which is associated with Emperor Ashoka

There were several other flags before the final was approved:

According to KnowIndia, The first national flag in India is said to have been hoisted on August 7, 1906, in the Parsee Bagan Square (Green Park) in Kolkata. The flag was composed of three horizontal strips of red, yellow and green.

The second flag was very similar to the first flag except that the top strip had only one lotus but seven stars denoting the Saptarishi. This flag was also exhibited at a socialist conference in Berlin.

The third flag had five red and four green horizontal strips arranged alternately, with seven stars in the saptarishi configuration super-imposed on them. In the left-hand top corner (the pole end) was the Union Jack. There was also a white crescent and star in one corner.

The fourth flag was presented by Pingali Venkayya to Gandhiji. It was made up of two colours-red(later changed to saffron) and green-representing the two major communities i.e. Hindus and Muslims.  The white and the spinning wheel was added later on

The fifth flag was saffron, white and green with Mahatma Gandhi’s spinning wheel at the center which was later replaced with Ashoka Chakra

 

Top News

‘China doubles air bases, air defence positions and heliports near LAC after 2017 Doklam standoff’

Survey for 6.8 km Kozhikode-Wayanad tunnel commences

Opposition parties boycott LS proceedings in solidarity with suspended Rajya Sabha members

Sharad Pawar gets Income Tax notice over poll affidavits

Rajya Sabha passes 7 key Bills in three and half hours

Karnataka BJP strongly refutes reports about changing Yediyurappa as CM

Farm bills: Cong steps up attack; Rahul accuses govt of working for development of crony capitalists




Related Articles More

Tripura launched Immunity boosting Bamboo Cookies: All you need to know

SBI restructuring scheme: Who can avail the scheme and how to apply?

India’s travel bubble extends to 13 countries: Who all can travel and which countries?

What is the standard procedure to suspend MPs from the House?

Bhiwandi Building Collapse: Here’s what we know so far

MUST WATCH

Soraba : District Excise Department seized Millions worth of Marijuana | Udayavani

Hospet : Tungabhadra Dam Gates Are Opened | TB Dam | Udayavani

Surathkal: Police arrest four in house burglary case

Manipal: Multi-storey building in danger | inspection by DC Jagadeesh

Easiest Way to Grow Cashew Nut | Farming Guide in Kannada

Latest Additions

Govt aims to bring COVID mortality rate below 1%; not suppressing figures: K Sudhakar

‘China doubles air bases, air defence positions and heliports near LAC after 2017 Doklam standoff’

Survey for 6.8 km Kozhikode-Wayanad tunnel commences

Amazon India adds Kannada, 3 other languages to woo shoppers ahead of festive season

Around 90 whales dead as hundreds stranded on a sandbar off Tasmanian coast

Thanks for visiting Udayavani

You seem to have an Ad Blocker on.
To continue reading, please turn it off or whitelist Udayavani.