RBI caps lending on P2P platforms at Rs 50 lakh to shield consumer interest


PTI, Dec 24, 2019, 11:41 AM IST

Mumbai: To protect consumers interest, the Reserve Bank on Monday said that on a peer-to-peer lending (P2P) platform the permissible exposure of a lender to all borrowers should not exceed Rs 50 lakh at any given point of time.

“On a review, it has been decided that the aggregate exposure of a lender to all borrowers at any point of time, across all P2P platforms, shall be subject to a cap of Rs 50,00,000 provided that such investments of the lenders on P2P platforms are consistent with their net-worth,” the RBI said in a notification.

The lender investing more than Rs 10 lakh across P2P platforms will produce a certificate to P2P platforms from a practising Chartered Accountant certifying minimum net-worth of Rs 50 lakh.

“Further, all the lenders shall submit declaration to P2P platforms that they have understood all the risks associated with lending transactions and that P2P platform does not assure return of principal/payment of interest,” the RBI said in a notification.

On fund transfer mechanism, it said: “Escrow accounts to be operated by bank promoted trustee for transfer of funds need not be mandatorily maintained with the bank which has promoted the trustee.”

As per the guidelines, the transfer of funds under P2P lending happens through an escrow account mechanism, which is operated by a bank promoted trustee.

It requires at least two escrow accounts, one for funds received from lenders and pending disbursal, and the other for collections from borrowers, be maintained.

It also mandates that all the transactions through bank accounts, and cash transaction are strictly prohibited.

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