Nutrition for Different Life Stages: From Infancy to Aging

Team Udayavani, Sep 7, 2023, 12:56 PM IST

Image credit: Bigstock

Maintaining good health and preventing disease rely on food and nutrition. Meeting nutritional requirements at each life stage is crucial, as the nutritional status in one stage impacts health in the subsequent stages.

Pregnancy and Lactation
Pregnant and lactating women have increased requirements for both macronutrients (carbohydrates, protein, fat) and micronutrients (vitamins and minerals). The failure to achieve the required intakes may increase the risk for certain chronic diseases in their children, sometimes manifesting many years later.

Infancy (0-12 months)
Proportionally infants have greater nutritional needs than adults. Weight should triple during the first year of life.. Height should increase by half during the first year of life.
Toddlers (1-3 years)
Toddlers need good calories daily (depending on age, size, and activity level). By age 3, toddlers will have to quadruple their birth weight and grow about 7-8 inches in height.

School-aged Children (4-12 years)
They experience steady, consistent growth but slower than infants and toddlers. A healthy diet (with adequate macro and micro nutrients) facilitates physical and mental development at this life stage and helps maintain health and wellness.

Adolescence (13-19yrs )
Onset of puberty and adolescent growth spurt demands for energy, macronutrients, vitamins, and minerals increase markedly. Adolescence may serve as a window of opportunity for compensating for early childhood growth failure, nutrient intake must be favorable.

Adulthood (20-60 years )
A young adults ages of 20–to 30, there can be a range of difficulties as one grows from childhood to older adult. Many changes can affect health between the ages of 30–60. Some of these alterations occur without our control, as they are intrinsic to the natural aging process. Furthermore, a renewed emphasis on fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes may benefit the prevention of obesity and chronic illnesses such as heart disease, diabetes, and cancer in older adults or in later stages.

Elderly (>60 years )
The elderly often are lonely and socially excluded which hampers their adequate dietary intake. Besides the diet being nutritionally adequate the food preparations for the elderly should be tasty, soft, and easily palatable.

Throughout one’s lifespan, the essential nutrients remain constant for maintaining health, but the quantities required fluctuate depending on age, growth, and developmental stages. Diverse food choices and dietary habits can fulfill nutrient requirements during each phase of life. There is no one best diet for everyone.

The nutritional requirements of individuals can be met by drawing upon the rich tapestry of traditional diets rooted in various cultures and religions. These time-tested dietary traditions not only fulfill nutritional needs but also serve as a basis for dietary adjustments when necessary.

Article authored by Chaitra Sandeep, Chief Dietician, Manipal Hospital, Malleshwaram

Udayavani is now on Telegram. Click here to join our channel and stay updated with the latest news.

Top News

Auto-driver arrested in Ujjain Rape case injured while attempting to flee

Cauvery dispute: K’taka Home Minister warns against forcing bandh 

Cauvery issue: Karnataka bandh; No school or college holidays declared in coastal districts

Cauvery issue: BJP MP appeals to Karnataka and TN CMs to find an amicable solution to the water woes

Vittal: POCSO case filed against man for harassing minor

Cauvery water dispute: Moral support for K’taka bandh in coastal districts; Pvt buses to maintain service

When hashtag ‘Trevor Noah cancelled his show’ became synonymous with #peakbengaluru traffic woes

Related Articles More

Old Parliament building, now called Samvidhan Sadan, witness to India story since 1927

Ganesh Chaturthi: A festival that warms the heart!

Mahsa Amini: a year into the protest movement in Iran, this is what’s changed

World Ozone Day: A look at the ozone layer’s road to recovery

Analysis: Novak Djokovic isn’t surprised he keeps winning Grand Slam titles. We shouldn’t be, either


Unbelievable Rescue: From Stray Kitten to Black Panther Companion

Diving into the mesmerizing world of the Aquatics Gallery

Ashtamida Aisira that reflects the culture of Tulunad

Boy and His Dog Survive 8Days Lost in the Forest

The person who set fire to the neighbor’s rickshaw

Latest Additions

Kejriwal bungalow controversy: CBI probe will bring out truth behind CM’s ‘rajmahal’, says BJP

Uttarakhand: BJP leaders made chiefs of govt committees, councils

SC orders registrar to lodge police complaint over fabrication of its order

Auto-driver arrested in Ujjain Rape case injured while attempting to flee

Cauvery dispute: K’taka Home Minister warns against forcing bandh 

Thanks for visiting Udayavani

You seem to have an Ad Blocker on.
To continue reading, please turn it off or whitelist Udayavani.