Udayavni Special

New state of matter may lead to better electronics


PTI, Aug 16, 2019, 2:29 PM IST

New York: Scientists in the US have uncovered a new state of matter — a breakthrough that offers promise for increasing storage capabilities in electronic devices and enhancing quantum computing.

“Our research has succeeded in revealing experimental evidence for a new state of matter — topological superconductivity,” said Javad Shabani, an assistant professor at New York University in the US.

“This new topological state can be manipulated in ways that could both speed calculation in quantum computing and boost storage,” Shabani said.

The work, reported in a paper on pre-print repository arXiv, centers on quantum computing — a method that can make calculations at significantly faster rates than can conventional computing.

This is because conventional computers process digital bits in the form of 0s and 1s while quantum computers deploy quantum bits (qubits) to tabulate any value between 0 and 1, exponentially lifting the capacity and speed of data processing.

Shabani and his colleagues from the University of Buffalo and Wayne State University analysed a transition of quantum state from its conventional state to a new topological state, measuring the energy barrier between these states.

They supplemented this by directly measuring signature characteristics of this transition in the order parameter that governs the new topological superconductivity phase.

The team focused the inquiry on Majorana particles, which are their own antiparticles –substances with the same mass, but with the opposite physical charge.

Scientists see value in Majorana particles because of their potential to store quantum information in a special computation space where quantum information is protected from the environment noise.

However, there is no natural host material for these particles, also known as Majorana fermions.

As a result, researchers have sought to engineer platforms — ie, new forms of matter — on which these calculations could be conducted.

“The new discovery of topological superconductivity in a two-dimensional platform paves the way for building scalable topological qubits to not only store quantum information, but also to manipulate the quantum states that are free of error,” Shabani said.

Top News

IISc completes ICU-grade ventilator prototype

PM launches portal to help, hand-hold MSMEs

Udupi: Highest single day spike of 73 new COVID-19 cases

70% of people want Modi to be PM for another term: BSY

Violence against healthcare personnel unacceptable: PM

PM Modi praises state govt’s efforts in handling COVID crisis

Govt’s locust control policy focuses on chemical spray alone: Farm expert

Related Articles More

IISc completes ICU-grade ventilator prototype

Lucknow-based institute develops affordable COVID-19 test

Zoom app releases latest encryption, security features

Scientists develop world’s most heat-resistant material

History in making: 2 NASA astronauts enter ISS after 19-hour journey

MUST WATCH

Tragedy and chaos: Former MIA director recalls Mangalore Air Crash

Lockdown relaxation: Long queues outside liquor stores in Mangaluru

Indian Coast Guard thank Covid-19 warriors

#WeFeed – Feeding stray animals during lockdown!

Mysuru-origin doctor honoured with parade for her service in treating COVID-19 patients in US

Latest Additions

Enhancement of MSME’s turnover limit to help exporters

IISc completes ICU-grade ventilator prototype

PM launches portal to help, hand-hold MSMEs

COVID-19 impact: Top 100 Indian firms likely to lose $25B of brand value

Udupi: DC warns of strict action on traffic rules violations

Thanks for visiting Udayavani

You seem to have an Ad Blocker on.
To continue reading, please turn it off or whitelist Udayavani.