- Thursday 18 Jul 2019
Toddlers learn new words more easily from other kids: Study
Team Udayavani, May 14, 2019, 4:18 PM IST
Image for Representation
Washington: Parents, take note! Your toddlers are more likely to learn new words from other children, a study has found.
Children are voracious learners who glean all kinds of information from the people around them. In particular, children mimic and learn speech patterns from their family.
Previous research has shown that infants attend selectively to their mother’s voice over another female’s voice.
However, scientists from Ohio State University in the US suggest that children learn new words best from other children.
“Much of what we know about the world is learned from other people. This is especially true for young children,” said Yuanyuan Wang from Ohio State University.
According to Wang, speech is loaded with important paralinguistic information about the speaker including age, gender and even social class.
Children learn and process this information in speech to understand and integrate speaker-specific information.
The research team wanted to determine what age group was most influential to two-year-old toddlers based on how they pick up new words. To evaluate this, they set up two experiments.
In the first experiment, toddlers watched side-by-side video clips of two speakers reciting a nursery rhyme while listening to speech that matched either the age or gender of one of the two speakers.
The toddlers were successful at matching the vocal age and gender they heard to visual attributes on the screen. In the second experiment, toddlers were taught new words during a learning task using speakers of different ages.
The researchers found the toddlers learned new words more effectively from other children. In the study the child talkers were slightly older, between 8-10 years old.
“It is fascinating to learn children showed selected learning from other child talkers. This has implications for social cognition and selective social learning,” Wang said.
Wang believes that toddlers are interested in the development of their own speech patterns and may be more attuned to the sound of other child speakers that resemble their own.
This ability to learn selectively from a particular social group may serve as a foundation for developing preferences among social groups later in life.
“Sensitivity to talker properties is found to be related to speech processing and language development. These are related to later personal, academic, social and overall achievements,” Wang said.
Berlin: The West Antarctic ice sheet may be stabilised by generating additional snow through pumping ocean water onto the glaciers and distributing it....
London: Surgical gowns and stainless steel remain contaminated with the pathogen Clostridium difficile even after being treated with the recommended d....
Mumbai: The international lifestyle channel LF launches another interesting show titled ‘Fit & Fast - Fuel your Brain.’ The show sees Chef....
Melbourne : Consuming a healthy diet rich in fibre during pregnancy may promote the wellbeing of both the mother and child, and reduce the risk of pr....
Boston: A bacteria-carrying asteroid ejected from the centre of the galaxy into the far reaches of space may be "captured" by a distant solar system, ....
Mangaluru: The city received much needed respite from the humid weather after heavy rains lashed parts of Mangalore on Thursday; however the heavy dow....
Palakkad: In a case of ragging, a first year student of a college here was allegedly slapped on the face by seniors, resulting in the rupturing of his....
London/The Hague: India has warned Pakistan that its conduct will be under watch and any "farcical attempts" claiming to implement the ICJ's order in ....
New Delhi: Men's captain Manpreet Singh Thursday said the next three months will be crucial for Indian hockey ahead of the final round of Tokyo Olymp....
Mangaluru: A student studying in the third standard of private school at Urwa in the city died of dengue fever on Tuesday, July 16. The deceased is id....